Muhammad Yousaf, Mobeena Saba Aslam, Arif Ullah, Ihtisham Shafiqe, Hakeem Ullah


Background: Self-medication can be defined as obtaining and consuming drugs without the advice of physician either for diagnosis, prescription or surveillance of treatment. It has emerged as a common practice in economically deprived communities. Very few studies regarding Self-medications have been conducted in Pakistan which have also confirmed high prevalence rate of around 51%. The objective of the study is to determine the magnitude, pattern, causes and practices of self-medication among selected university students of Peshawar.

Methodology: A questionnaire based cross sectional survey was conducted among the non-medical departments of Peshawar University. The study conducted within 2 months period from February to March, 2014. Convenience sampling technique was used for the collection of the data all the students present at the defined settings on the day of study conduction had been selected on the basis of convenience. A pre tested questionnaire was used for data collection. For the analysis of data SPSS version 15.0 was used. The Chi square test will be used for significance testing of variables was used.

Results: A total of 200 questionnaire were distributed at different departments of Peshawar University, of which 163 responded the distributed questionnaire, a response rate of 81.5%. Out of 163 who responded the questionnaire about 89.6% of the students do practice self-medication while 10.4% responded negative for the self-medication. Among those who treat themselves, common seasonal flu was the commonest showing a rate of 55.20%, other diseases like fever joint pain, minor injuries, skin problems, disturb bowel, body aches, and sore throat show a treatment rate of 53.3%, 10.4%, 25.7%, 15.9%, 12.8%, 23.3%, 47.8% of respectively. Whereas the antibiotics and analgesics were the common self-prescribed drugs showing a 55.8% and 49.1% respectively. Treating one own self, and treating successfully previously was the most common provoking factor for prescribing themselves.

Key words: Self-medication, non- medical students, Peshawar University.

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